To avoid lagging behind as happened with the 4G auction, the UK regulator Ofcom this week will launch a consultation on the release of spectrum for internet 5G.
A decision made well in advance – the auction of frequencies for fourth generation mobile services has closed just a few weeks ago – which also reflects the fear of a shortage of bandwidth capacity, due to the increasing use of mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
Steve Unger, chief technology officer at Ofcom said, “There are three ways to meet the demand of data – more spectrum, better use of frequencies and more cell sites. We need progress on all three fronts and is in fact this is what we mean by 5G, to deal with the increased use of data.”
He added, “The 5G make ubiquitous mobile internet. You will not lose the receipt and you will not have to fear slowdowns. The connection will always be there, will always be reliable, becoming an adequate substitute for fixed line. ”
According to the data controller, data consumption has more than doubled between 2011 and 2012, from 9 million Gb to 20 million Gb. In follows, according to Ofcom, the data traffic on mobile networks could grow by 80 time between 2012 and 2030.
The launch coincides with the conduct of the consultation, this week, the European Wireless Conference at the University of Surrey, focused on the use of its 5G to solve the dreaded “spectrum crunch”, ie a lack of spectrum that will manifest according to academics around to 2020, when the radio spectrum will be used to full capacity.
Today, around 1.2 billion people has already use mobile connections and broadband users will be over 5 billion over the coming 5 years.
5G The term has different meanings depending on the country or organization that uses it, but in its most general sense, can be understood as the next generation of mobile internet services ultrafast and ultra-reliable, for the use of services very voracious bandwidth as the high-definition video or the development of new technologies in the field of broadcasting and gaming.
To drive the use of data systems will also be machine-to-machine (M2M), which will require more efficient data transport technologies and spread throughout.
According to the forecasts of Professor Rahim Tafazolli, who will coordinate the use of a loan of £ 35 million from the government and the telco for the development of 5G, traffic originating from mobile devices globally will increase 1,000-fold by 2020.
We must therefore prepare well in advance to manage this dramatic increase in the use of mobile data. Use that is doubling every 18 months compared to a capacity that instead doubles every 10 years.
An essential part of the strategy 5G consists in freedom, and possibly in the sale, the frequencies currently used by digital terrestrial television, Ofcom believes that they can be redistributed without a second switch-over: broadcasters, in essence, will ‘move’ on the 600 MHz band although this process could not take place for 5 years. Ofcom is also working to increase the efficiency of spectrum use, using, for example, so-called ‘white spaces’.
Speaking at the Mobile World Congress, the EU Commissioner Neelie Kroes stressed that Europe must take advantage of the development of 5G to recover ground in the field of mobile technology, which has been a pioneer with the invention of the GSM standard, which is currently used by 80% of mobile networks).
To make Europe the pioneer in 5G technology and to make sure that this industry is based on research conducted in Europe and provide jobs to European citizens, the Commission has allocated €50 million.
In total, over the period 2007-2013, the EU has allocated more than €700 million to research on future networks, half of which is for the 4G mobile technologies.