The fixed telephony services are one of the key points of Italian society: the phone and broadband internet connections are now present in almost every home of the consumers and all offerings of Fastweb, Telecom Italy, Tiscali, etc.. There are packages that tend to facilitate consumers in choosing the best service.
With the vastness of the proposals in fact, a consumer just compare the best phone tariffs in order to choose the most suitable to their economic and consumption: unfortunately, the situation in Italy is not as rosy as it seems and consumers have limited choice because of the digital divide.
Italy, in fact, it is still divided among the regions where it operates the Internet infrastructure and the latest generation of regions where operators have not invested in this sense: in this way you create a real gap between ability and skills people and businesses, which disadvantages the country especially at the economic level than the downgrades to European competition.
Just to investigate the health status of internet infrastructure, the NRA (the Authority for Communications) and the Antitrust Authority, undertook an investigation on the band to understand that large investments are going on, who is implementing them, what kind of competition there is and who owns the networks and infrastructure in the area.
The survey aims to investigate cognitive and own the competition, which regulates the telecommunications market, specifically, as mentioned before, to understand what are the prospects for investment in ultra-wideband of individual competitors.
The data of the Digital Scoreboard, 2013, in fact, confirms this reality: the percentage of coverage of next-generation networks in Italian, is among the lowest in Europe. Only 14% of Italian households are reached by the infrastructure compared to 53% of the European average.
The digital divide also remains a strong point of interest in research and solve this gap between rural and urban low-income to higher profitability. It remains a strategic objective, as well as social significance that could be resolved only with investments, both on fixed networks than on mobile.
Obviously the presence of restrictiveness of competition can be lethal for the purposes of economic development and that they should not be placed constraints that may limit the incentives for technological innovation: this fact can also be a critical about the guarantee of equal treatment for all operators, which also assumes importance in order to promote competition in static and dynamic markets for telecommunications services on the fixed network.